People consume eggs almost on a daily basis. They are relatively cheap, full of protein, healthy fats, and other essential vitamins, making them a staple food in every household. Some historians claim that people hunted wild jungle fowls, domesticated them at their houses and ate their eggs in 3200 BC.
However, people in the olden days didn't eat the eggs as much as people do nowadays. The reason for this is because they tried to save the eggs to make sure that there wasn't any shortage of fowls as they preferred to eat fowls more than eggs.
According to some Egyptian and Chinese historians, fowls were the kind of animals that had the unique ability to know the time. This belief stemmed probably because the fowl’s and rooster’s early morning call.
People often credit Christopher Columbus for bringing the first species of chickens to America that are now prevalent in the production of eggs. There isn't any evidence of chicken eggs in Europe and Asia before 800 BC. Geese and ducks were heavily relied upon in those days for eggs and meat.
Eggs were not cooked, fried, or boiled in the early days. In fact, people ate them raw, but, as time went by and civilizations grew smart, they began to roast eggs. Roasting them eliminated harmful germs and even gave the eggs a distinct flavor.
Eggs were not mass produced as they are now today, and they were often short in the market. People often had to hunt for lengthy periods of time to obtain eggs. However, there is no shortage of eggs anywhere in this day and age as there are numerous poultry farms that breed, collect, and take care of chicken to make sure that eggs are abundantly available everywhere.
Even though there wasn't any particular expiry date set for eggs in the old days, it was best to eat eggs within 30 days after the chicken had laid them. People came up with various techniques to make the eggs last longer. They would often dip them in salt water, pickled water, or vinegar. The Chinese even used fermentation techniques to ensure an egg's longevity.
Even though the history behind the domestication of chickens seems puzzling to most people, there is one thing every historian agrees upon and that is people domesticated a rare form of chickens known as the red jungle fowl. The red jungle fowl is still extremely popular in South East Asia, and people often suggest that it is a hybrid of the grey jungle fowl.
According to countless studies, domesticated chicken is not as aggressive as wild chickens, don’t interact with other chickens as much, are less aggressive, and have a higher body weight.
The simple reason behind the domestication of chickens is that they are easy to breed and caring for them is more straightforward, and that leads the chicken to lay the maximum number of eggs.
Chicken domestication has now turned into a business, and people have earned copious amounts of money through it. The domestication of chickens dates back to almost eight to ten thousand years ago. You will be surprised to find out that chicken wasn’t only domesticated for food but various other reasons as well.
Religious purposes and cockfighting are among the strange reasons why some people domesticated chickens. Some chickens do not have any conclusive evidence of their DNA; the reason for this is because some owners bred their domesticated chickens with wild chickens.
Here we will discuss the strange but exciting anatomy of an egg.
The texture of an eggshell is grainy and bumpy covered with seventeen thousand microscopic pores. These shells contain calcium carbonate crystals. The outer coating of the eggshell is known as cuticle or bloom, and it helps prevent the egg from dust and bacteria. Moisture and air can readily pass through the eggshells pores as it is a semipermeable membrane.
These membranes are transparent and lie between the egg white and the eggshell. They provide reliable defense against invading germs and bacteria. You will find it surprising that these layers are quite strong despite their flimsy appearance. A protein known as Keratin is also present in these membranes, it is also abundantly found in human hair.
After a chicken has laid an egg, airspace forms after its contents cool down. The air cell is present between the inner and outer membranes at the larger end of the egg. The older the egg gets, the larger the air cell becomes. These cells are often visible on hard-cooked eggs.
The word albumen comes from the Latin word "Albus" which means white. There are about forty different proteins found in the thin and thick albumen. There are four layers present in the albumen, and all of them are different. In addition to proteins, water is also an essential component present in the albumen or egg white.
The chalazae act as an anchor as it helps in centering the egg yolk inside the shell. The chalazae attach the casing of the yolk to the membrane in the line of the eggshell. You can quickly determine the freshness of an egg by looking at how prominent the chalazae is.
The vitelline membrane helps enclose the yolk by acting as its casing. Eggs tend to rot if they have too many blemishes or pale spots. The vitelline layer helps maintain the integrity and strength of the eggs, making sure that it does not rot.
The egg yolk is the most protein, mineral, and vitamin-heavy part of the egg. It doesn't contain as much water as the egg whites. The color of the yolk dramatically depends on the breed of the hen; it could be orange or yellow. People often ignore yolk because they believe that it has too much fat that could cause high cholesterol.
These claims are untrue as the amount of fat present in egg yolks isn't that much and to make things even better, the fat is healthy and can be eaten on a regular basis. Vitamin A, Vitamin D, phosphorus, thiamine, and calcium are among the essential vitamins and minerals found in egg yolks.
As we mentioned earlier, people used to eat eggs in raw form. Even though these eggs were fulfilling, they weren't as tasty, and there were chances of getting infected with bacteria, germs, and other different diseases.
As time went by, people moved on from raw eggs and started roasting them. However, in the modern day and age, there are various techniques and methods of preparing eggs.
Each method of preparation varies from one another and offers different flavor and texture to the egg dish. Some people prefer to eat the whole egg while others prefer to leave the yolk out. Keeping all of this in mind let us take a look at some of the most popular methods of preparing eggs.
Preparing scrambled eggs might be among the most straightforward method of making eggs. You have to beat the egg thoroughly before pouring it into the pan. Then, add a couple of tablespoons of butter in the pan and cook the egg over medium to low heat.
Hard-boiled eggs are the go-to breakfast for most people who are living a healthy and active lifestyle and do not have enough time to prepare any other dish. Hard-boiled eggs take very little time, and the best part about them is that you can store them in the fridge as well without the worry of them getting stale.
A common problem most people face when it comes to hard-boiled eggs is cracking open the shell. An easy solution for this is to shake the pan or pot you are boiling your eggs in after adding an extra few pinches of salt.
After shaking remove the hot water from the pot and add cold water to it and stir it for a couple of minutes. You'll be able to peel the shell of as quickly as peeling a banana.
In comparison to the preparation of other eggs, poaching is a bit tricky. However, it is awe-inspiring as well. Poached eggs are perfect for people who are on a diet and are looking to avoid the extra calories that cooking oils add.
People cook poached eggs in hot water, and a lot of practice is necessary to hone your skills. These eggs are for pasta dishes and salads, and sandwiches.
The egg-over-easy is a simple crowd-pleasing dish. People fry the egg on both sides, and the yolk is left runny. It goes well with bread or buns. Beginners can find it tough to cook these eggs without breaking the yolk. Flipping the egg on the frying pan requires a lot of practice, once you master flipping the chances of the yolk breaking reduce significantly.
All you need to prepare eggs over easy is a frying pan (preferably non-stick), a few teaspoons of cooking oil, and a decently sized spatula. Be sure to wait for a few minutes before you flip the egg, and handle the spatula gently once you decide to flip the egg finally.
People often ask" what is the best way to store eggs to ensure their longevity while also making sure that they do not rot?" The answer people usually get to this question is "buy an egg holder." However, buying an egg holder will not solve any of your problems. In fact, you have the perfect commodity for holding your eggs if you look around your house.
In case you haven’t figured out what we are talking about, the egg cartons are what we are talking about; it is that simple. Storing your eggs in the containers they initially came in could be the best option for you. Following are a few reasons why you should keep your eggs inside their carton.
As the container is not open from any side, it ensures that the eggs do not break or fall onto the floor. The eggs might even survive if the egg container does fall on the floor; the same is not right about the egg holders.
Eggs have minute pores in them, which tend to absorb strong flavors and odors. The egg carton also helps in preventing the loss of carbon dioxide, which is essential for keeping the eggs fresh.
Another thing that makes egg cartons preferable is the fact that they often have the expiry or best before dates stamped on them, which is helpful for reminding you to consume the eggs before they turn stale.
The more sizeable end of the eggs is always placed upwards inside the egg carton. It might seem like a small or irrelevant thing, but it makes sure that the egg yolk remains in the center of the egg and is far away from the egg's air pocket.
Be sure to place your carton at a position where the temperature does not fluctuate as much. The lower and middle shelves would be the best choice for storing your eggs as the temperature in these shelves is usually steady.
As we mentioned previously, egg cartons have an expiry date stamped on them. Eating these eggs after the date of expiration can cause serious health risks. Getting to know these potential risks can help you steer clear and stay safe from these illnesses.
If you store eggs in your refrigerator at a temperature of forty-five degrees Fahrenheit, then they are safe to consume even three to four weeks after the expiry date, according to the Egg Safety Center. However, this date is debatable as the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) recommends everyone to consume the eggs 2 or 3 weeks before the expiration date.
Poorly stored eggs always have the risk of carrying dangerous food poisoning, also known as salmonella. The FDA (food and drug administration) claims that salmonella can contaminate the albumen, yolk, and even the shell of the eggs. Not cooking your eggs well can significantly increase the risk of salmonella.
That is why people in the old days stopped consuming raw eggs. Even though some administrations claim that eggs are safe for consumption a few weeks after their expiry, it is advisable that you get rid of expired eggs.
Eggs are bound to spoil in a relatively short period. As soon as these eggs spoil, they develop bacteria known as Pseudomonas. The eggs turn into a bluish green color when this bacterium begins to form and give out a terrible odor. It would be wise to play it safe and make sure that you get rid of eggs that start to change color.
Microwaving is quick and efficient, and people often microwave their eggs to save some time. There are several options that microwaves provide you to prepare your egg. You can not only cook poached eggs in your microwave; you can even make scrambled eggs.
However, cooking your food in microwaves isn't a good idea as numerous studies have shown that these microwave ovens emit harmful rays that can cause long-term illnesses.
Heating or reheating eggs inside a microwave oven can change their chemical composition which can lead to the decrease in the egg's nutritional values. Overheating hard boiled eggs is extremely dangerous as the yolk present inside these eggs can overheat and end up exploding in your face causing severe burns and scars.
The electromagnetic fields that microwave ovens emit are not only dangerous for eggs but any other food as well. It is why most people recommend using egg cookers for cooking their eggs.
Egg cookers are infinitely better than microwaves as they cook eggs safely and efficiently. Electric egg cookers are relatively cheap and can cook eggs within minutes. These cookers are relatively new and are taking the market by storm as their demand is increasing day by day. They offer convenience and are extremely easy to handle.
Egg cookers have automatic timers that make sure that the eggs stay in the egg cooker long enough to cook correctly. You won't have to checkup after every few seconds to make sure that your egg is ready. The timer in the egg cookers will notify you through a signal or a beep, similar to that of a microwave.
There is another essential feature that makes egg cookers a reliable cooking tool: it gives you the option of manually controlling the cooking temperature of the eggs. Some egg cookers even monitor the temperature automatically making sure that your involvement during the cooking process is minimal.
There are several egg cookers available that have the unique feature of cooking omelets and egg salads; they are easy to use and have a variety of different functions. Dash, Cuisinart, Hamilton, Krups, DB tech, and Maverick are among the most famous egg cooker manufacturers all over the world.
The egg cookers that these manufacturers make come with different features, all present to ensure that you do not face any hassle during your egg cooking endeavors.
There are different designs that egg cookers come in that help you boil, poach, or make scrambled eggs in a short period. However, cleaning and maintaining these cookers is essential to ensure their proper functioning and longevity. Keep in mind that you’ll have to clean your egg cooker regularly instead of once or twice a month.
The reason why these require regular cleaning and maintenance is that they always accumulate egg residue after cooking, and if you do not clean them, the cooker will not function well and gives off an unwanted odor. Following these few steps will help you clean your egg cookers.
We have discussed in detail about eggs and the history behind eggs. We have also considered the various methods of cooking eggs like boiling, microwaving and, egg cookers. You can also find out about the different types of egg cookers and their different functions in this article.
We have provided step by step information on how to use egg cookers, explaining its various functions and types. Down below, we have provided the perfect buying guide that will help you choose the egg cooker that best suits your needs.